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What does Mill mean by better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied?

Explain: “Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.” This is in response to the argument “because it glorifies pleasure over all else, utilitarianism can’t be the view we should adopt. It is a view fit for pigs.” Mill responds that there are varying quantities and qualities of pleasure.

Which major philosopher said it’s better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied?


What is the pig philosophy?

Misanthropic Victorian essayist Thomas Carlyle described utilitarianism as “pig philosophy”. Given the abysmal way we treat our fellow creatures, such an absence of arbitrary anthropocentric bias is scarcely a reproach.

What is Plato’s basic ethical question?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

What are the three classes of soul according to Plato?

Plato concludes that there are three separate parts of the soul: appetite, spirit, and reason.

Why did Plato claim that we Cannot rely on our senses to understand reality?

Plato, believed that we can’t trust our senses to show us the true form of an object. It didn’t make any sense to me, because after all, science hasn’t yet proven if you see something after your death and before your birth meaning that he couldn’t say that there is a true form of an object(scientifically)…

Can we trust our senses?

Humans have five senses, to smell, to hear, to taste, to feel and to see. You are able to get along without one of them but it is, of course, harder. Even though we cannot say our senses are trustable, it is all we have, and therefore we trust them.

Can our senses deceive us?

Unfortunately, our senses deceive us — badly. They are showing us a very limited world. For starters, we learned that our eyes and other senses perceive only a tiny fraction of our physical existence. …

Can you ever be sure your senses are not deceiving you?

Therefore, for the sake of this exercise, the senses in general cannot be trusted: “from time to time I have found that the senses deceive, and it is prudent never to trust completely those who have deceived us even once.” 3. Therefore, NOTHING that our senses tell us is certain.

What is the most important sense and why?

By far the most important organs of sense are our eyes. We perceive up to 80% of all impressions by means of our sight. And if other senses such as taste or smell stop working, it’s the eyes that best protect us from danger.