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What is the formula for total kinetic energy?

Kinetic energy is directly proportional to the mass of the object and to the square of its velocity: K.E. = 1/2 m v2. If the mass has units of kilograms and the velocity of meters per second, the kinetic energy has units of kilograms-meters squared per second squared.

What is the kinetic gas equation?

It is represented by the equation: vrms=√3RTM v r m s = 3 R T M , where vrms is the root-mean-square of the velocity, Mm is the molar mass of the gas in kilograms per mole, R is the molar gas constant, and T is the temperature in Kelvin.

What are the 5 assumptions of kinetic theory?

The kinetic-molecular theory of gases assumes that ideal gas molecules (1) are constantly moving; (2) have negligible volume; (3) have negligible intermolecular forces; (4) undergo perfectly elastic collisions; and (5) have an average kinetic energy proportional to the ideal gas’s absolute temperature.

What is the kinetic theory useful for?

The aim of kinetic theory is to account for the properties of gases in terms of the forces between the… Based on the kinetic theory, pressure on the container walls can be quantitatively attributed to random collisions of molecules the average energy of which depends upon the gas temperature.

What is another name for average kinetic energy?

Thereof, what is average kinetic energy also known as? The Kelvin temperature scale is the scale that is based on molecular motion and so absolute zero is also called 0 K. The Kelvin temperature of a substance is directly proportional to the average kinetic energy of the particles of the substance.

Is pressure directly proportional to kinetic energy?

Therefore, we can conclude that the average kinetic energy of the molecules is directly proportional to the temperature of the gas and is independent of pressure, volume or the nature of the gas. This fundamental result thus relates the temperature of the gas to the average kinetic energy of a molecule.