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What is the history of Gothic literature?

Gothic fiction began as a sophisticated joke. Horace Walpole first applied the word ‘Gothic’ to a novel in the subtitle – ‘A Gothic Story’ – of The Castle of Otranto, published in 1764. When he used the word it meant something like ‘barbarous’, as well as ‘deriving from the Middle Ages’.

What are characteristics of Gothic sculpture?

1250–1315) were Italian sculptors during the Gothic age who developed a Classical-influenced style of sculpture known as Proto-Renaissance. Their relief sculptures drew heavily from the carved Roman sarcophagus and were characterized by sophisticated and crowded compositions and a sympathetic handling of nudity.

Which of these is a distinguishing characteristic of English Gothic churches?

The style was most prominently used in the construction of cathedrals and churches. Gothic architecture’s defining features are pointed arches, rib vaults, buttresses, and extensive use of stained glass.

What are flying buttresses made of?

The flying buttress (arc-boutant, arch buttress) is a specific form of buttress composed of an arch that extends from the upper portion of a wall to a pier of great mass, in order to convey to the ground the lateral forces that push a wall outwards, which are forces that arise from vaulted ceilings of stone and from …

What is the purpose of a flying buttress quizlet?

An external, arched support for the wall of a church or other building. Flying buttresses were used in many Gothic cathedrals; they enabled builders to put up very tall but comparatively thin stone walls, so that much of the wall space could be filled with stained-glass windows.

What was the role of guilds quizlet?

What was the role of guilds? Guilds acted as quality control amongst their members and supervised the education and apprenticeship process.

What is a flying buttress and why were they used?

Historically, buttresses have been used to strengthen large walls or buildings such as churches. Flying buttresses consist of an inclined beam carried on a half arch that projects from the walls of a structure to a pier which supports the weight and horizontal thrust of a roof, dome or vault.