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What is the term for compounds that do not mix with water?

Which is the term for compounds that do not mix with water? Hydrophobic.

What is the function of a peptide bond?

A peptide bond is a covalent bond formed between two amino acids. Living organisms use peptide bonds to form long chains of amino acids, known as proteins. Proteins are used in many roles including structural support, catalyzing important reactions, and recognizing molecules in the environment.

What are the lipids that form the main structural component of cell membranes?

The principal components of the plasma membrane are lipids (phospholipids and cholesterol), proteins, and carbohydrate groups that are attached to some of the lipids and proteins. A phospholipid is a lipid made of glycerol, two fatty acid tails, and a phosphate-linked head group.

Which of the following components of a tossed salad will pass through the human digestive tract and be digested the least?


Why are cows able to digest grass whereas humans Cannot quizlet?

Cows lack the ability to break down cellulose, but they have special microbes in their digestive tracts that break down cellulose for them; humans do not.

Why cows are able to digest grass while humans are not?

The first is that human stomachs have difficulty digesting raw leaves and grasses. Animals such as cows, on the other hand, have a specialized stomach with four chambers to aid in the digestion of grass (a process called rumination).

Why are cows and termites able to get energy from cellulose Unlike humans?

Humans lack the enzyme necessary to digest cellulose. Animals such as termites and herbivores such as cows, koalas, and horses all digest cellulose, but even these animals do not themselves have an enzyme that digests this material. Instead, these animals harbor microbes that can digest cellulose.

What’s the opposite of hydrolysis?

hydrolysis definition. A chemical reaction in which water is used to break down a compound; this is achieved by breaking a covalent bond in the compound by inserting a water molecule across the bond. The opposite of this is a dehydration-condensation reaction.

How can you tell if a chemical equation represents hydrolysis?

Thus, if a compound is represented by the formula AB in which A and B are atoms or groups and water is represented by the formula HOH, the hydrolysis reaction may be represented by the reversible chemical equation AB + HOH ⇌ AH + BOH.

What is the purpose of a condensation reaction?

Condensation reaction: A reaction in which two or more molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with the simultaneous loss of a small molecule such as water or methanol. While this occurs in many reactions, the term is usually reserved for reactions in which a new carbon-carbon bond is formed.

What happens condensation?

Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. As condensation occurs and liquid water forms from the vapor, the water molecules become more organized and heat is released into the atmosphere as a result.