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What is the trend for electronegativity and why?

Electronegativity increases across a period and decreases down a group. Towards the left of the table, valence shells are less than half full, so these atoms (metals) tend to lose electrons and have low electronegativity.

What is the periodic trend for electronegativity quizlet?

Electronegativity increases as you move from left to right across a period because the number of charges on the nucleus increases. As you move down a group (column), electronegativity decreases (as you move up, it increases) due to the distance between the nucleus and the valence electron shell.

What is the trend in electronegativity going down a group explain why?

So, as you move down a group on the periodic table, the electronegativity of an element decreases because the increased number of energy levels puts the outer electrons very far away from the pull of the nucleus. Electronegativity increases as you move from left to right across a period on the periodic table.

Why does electronegativity increase across the periodic table?

The positively charged protons in the nucleus attract the negatively charged electrons. As the number of protons in the nucleus increases, the electronegativity or attraction will increase. Therefore electronegativity increases from left to right in a row in the periodic table.

Major periodic trends include: electronegativity, ionization energy, electron affinity, atomic radius, melting point, and metallic character. Periodic trends, arising from the arrangement of the periodic table, provide chemists with an invaluable tool to quickly predict an element’s properties.

How do you identify a group on the periodic table?

The vertical columns on the periodic table are called groups or families because of their similar chemical behavior. All the members of a family of elements have the same number of valence electrons and similar chemical properties. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are called periods.

Why is phosphorus in Group 5 of the periodic table?

The Group 5A elements have five valence electrons in their highest-energy orbitals (ns2np3). Nitrogen, phosphorus, and arsenic can form ionic compounds by gaining three electrons, forming the nitride (N3-), phosphide (P3-) and arsenide (As3-) anions, but they more frequently form compounds through covalent bonding.