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What kind of government does Thoreau describe in civil disobedience?

In “Civil Disobedience” Thoreau not only calls for resistance to immoral and unjust government actions, he also criticizes the foundations of representative democracy — majority rule, voting, and representation.

Who was influenced by civil disobedience?

Martin Luther King

What is an act of civil disobedience?

Civil disobedience can be defined as refusing to obey a law, a regulation or a power judged unjust in a peaceful manner. Civil disobedience is, therefore, a form of resistance without violence.

What is violent civil disobedience?

Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government. By some definitions, civil disobedience has to be nonviolent to be called “civil”. Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance.

At what point is civil disobedience justified?

Moreover, even when there is a clear violation of justice, civil disobedience is justified if and only if the tactics through which it is exercised are non-violent.

Is civil disobedience a moral responsibility of a citizen?

“One has not only a legal, but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.

How was civil disobedience used in the civil rights movement?

Drawing in part on Gandhi’s example, the American civil rights movement, which came to prominence during the 1950s, sought to end racial segregation in the southern United States by adopting the tactics and philosophy of civil disobedience through such protests as the Greensboro (North Carolina) sit-in (1960) and the …

Is civil disobedience always non violent?

On the most widely accepted account of civil disobedience, famously defended by John Rawls (1971), civil disobedience is a public, non-violent and conscientious breach of law undertaken with the aim of bringing about a change in laws or government policies.

Which action is United States history is an example of civil disobedience?

Among the most notable civil disobedience events in the U.S. occurred when Parks refused to move on the bus when a white man tried to take her seat. Although 15-year-old Claudette Colvin had done the same thing nine months earlier, Parks’ action led directly to the Montgomery bus boycott.

How long did the civil disobedience movement last?

From 1930-1934. Hint: The Civil Disobedience movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi with his Dandi March. This march was undertaken in order to defy the British salt law. The movement began with the salt march which is also known as the Dandi march to protest against the British monopoly over salt.

What led to civil disobedience movement?

On March 12, 1930, Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India. Britain’s Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the Indian diet.

Why was the salt march a turning point?

The effect of the salt march was felt across India. This period is considered the apex of Gandhi’s political appeal, as the march mobilized many new followers from all of Indian society and the march grabbed the world’s attention. Most historians see Dandi as a key turning point in India’s struggle for freedom.

Did anyone die in the Salt March?

An estimated 15,000 people, including women and children, raided the salt pans, collecting handfuls and sackfuls of salt, only to be beaten and arrested. In all, about 90,000 Indians were arrested between April and December 1930. Thousands more were beaten and killed.

What is the significance of Dandi march?

Based on Gandhi’s principle of non-violence or Satyagraha, the march marked the inauguration of the civil disobedience movement. The Dandi march was easily the most significant organised movement against the British Raj after the non-cooperation movement of the early 1920s.

When did Gandhi join Congress?

Brief Chronology

Date Year Details
31 May 1893 Thrown off the first class carriage of the train at Pietermartizburg Station.
1893 Read Tolstoy’s ‘Kingdom of God is Within You’.
22 August 1894 Founded the ‘Natal Indian Congress’.
9 July 1896 Commenced writing the ‘Green Pamphlet’ at Rajkot.