The function of lipids includes storing energy and acting as structural components of the cell membrane. Glycerol has a polar hydroxyl group for every carbon atom and thus it is soluble in water so it is not a lipid it is simple alcohol. Maltose is a carbohydrate also known as sugar. Hence option C is correct.
What do fats and steroids have in common?
They have double bonds in the carbon chains of their fatty acids. What do fats, steroids, and waxes have in common? Low solubility in water. Nonpolar molecules aren’t compatible with water.
What do fats steroids and waxes have in?
Phospholipids have four major components: fatty acids, a glycerol component, and both a phosphate group and a polar molecule. Human sex hormones, like testosterone and estrogen, are classed as steroids. Steroids most often have a four-fused ring structure. Waxes are composed of alcohol and a fatty acid.
What helps fats move in the bloodstream?
Cholesterol and triglycerides cannot circulate loosely in the blood, so they travel in “round parcels” called lipoproteins. Lipoproteins contain a special mix of fats and proteins which allow them to flow freely in the blood.
What is the function of lipids in the human body?
Lipids perform three primary biological functions within the body: they serve as structural components of cell membranes, function as energy storehouses, and function as important signaling molecules. The three main types of lipids are triacylglycerols (also called triglycerides), phospholipids, and sterols.
Why is lipid important to life?
Lipids are essential for all life on Earth. They play many important roles in maintaining the health of an organism. Arguably the most important function lipids perform is as the building blocks of cellular membranes. Other functions include energy storage, insulation, cellular communication and protection.
What type of lipid is chocolate?
The fat in chocolate comes from cocoa butter and is made up of equal amounts of oleic acid (a heart-healthy monounsaturated fat also found in olive oil), stearic and palmitic acids. Stearic and palmitic acids are forms of saturated fat.