Background. At first, the natives were glad to trade provisions to the colonists for metal tools, but by 1609 the English governor, John Smith, had begun to send raiding parties to demand food. This earned the colonists a bad reputation among the Native Americans and precipitated conflict.
Why did the first colonies fail?
Why did Roanoke colony fail? It was, like later English colonies, poorly supplied, and the first colonists were actively hostile toward local Native people. This lack of allies would have made survival as an autonomous community especially difficult—surviving as distinctly Englishmen and women may have been impossible.
Why did France and England look to North America for colonial development?
England was looking at the settlement of colonies as a way of fulfilling its desire to sell more goods and resources to other countries than it bought. At the same time, colonies could be markets for England’s manufactured goods. England knew that establishing colonies was an expensive and risky business.
Why did France want to colonize Louisiana?
The French settlement had two purposes: to establish trade with the Spanish in Texas via the Old San Antonio Road (sometimes called El Camino Real, or Kings Highway)—which ended at Nachitoches—and to deter Spanish advances into Louisiana. The settlement soon became a flourishing river port and crossroads.
What were the main reasons for colonizing the English colonies?
◦ England wanted to start an American colony to increase their wealth and power so that they could compete with other European countries like Spain and France. ◦ They were hoping to be able to find silver and gold in America. (This would help increase their wealth!)
Why is Roanoke not considered the first permanent settlement?
The first Roanoke colonists did not fare well, suffering from dwindling food supplies and Indian attacks, and in 1586 they returned to England aboard a ship captained by Sir Francis Drake. White returned to England to procure more supplies, but the war with Spain delayed his return to Roanoke.